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Shush City in Khuzestan

Shush city located in Khuzestan province is one of the oldest known origins in the. Also, Shush’s charm is due to the ancient and historical monuments in the city. Besides, Shush is one of the most magnificent and beautiful ancient cities of Iran.

In addition, it is one of the most important centers of civilization in the world .Moreover, Shush is one of the most famous cities in Iran and the world. Also, there are few tourists that do not know the ancient city of Shush.

Actually, in ancient Persia, Shush was a city of Abad and a great center for governments. Besides, the city of Susa dates back to about 4,000 B.C. Also, Shush has been the capital of the Elam government and civilization for several thousand years. Furthermore, it was the winter capital of the Achaemenid Empire. So, the historical site of Shush city registered globally in 2015.

Shush City

Shush Castle , Iran


Shush city has an area of about five square kilometers and located 115 km northwest of Ahvaz. Also, the city of Shush is about 78 meters above sea level. Besides, the distance from Shush to the Tigris River is also about 150 kilometers.

In addition, the geographical location of Susa was the place of encounter between the two great civilizations of Elam and Mianrodan. Also, this led Shush to find a significant position in ancient Iranian history.


Shush Climate

Shush air is hot and dry due to its located in southern Iran and its temperature is very high and sultry in summer. Moreover, the geographical location of Shush has led most people in the city to choose business and agriculture jobs. Also, the existence of three rivers of Karkheh, Dez and Shavur has caused agriculture and fishing to flow in the city. Furthermore, the city’s handicrafts and souvenirs include capo, painting on pottery, wood, tahdhib and concave. Below is a picture of beautifully woven keptos in Susa.

Shush City

Shush , Khuzestan Province , Iran

Historical History of Susa

The city of Shush has mentioned in historical sources in different names. Also, Shush Sosa, Susiana and Shushen the letters mentioned for Shush. Besides, according to Hamza Isfahani in his book, Shush meant a beautiful and safa city.

In addition, Shush was the center of Elam’s rule since 2700 BC. Also, the period of Elamian rule in Shush is about 2,000 years old. Besides, many inscriptions and bricks have obtained from the city. Furthermore, it’s proving that the city is abad and civilized.

Moreover, most of the work on the inscriptions and flowers of Shush’s writings done by Professor Abdolmajid Arfa’i. Also, the subject of the obtained bricks mostly indicates the principle and installation of people, and in the worships, bricks have written about the Izadan and their names.


Shush in Achaemenid Era

Due to its special geographical location between the two civilizations of Elam and Mianrodan in the north of the Persian Gulf, Shush achieved a considerable position in the Achaemenid period. So, it considered as a crossroads west and east. Also, Shush had a special strategic position. Besdes, its position on the way to the Shah during the Dariush era tripled Shush’s position and reputation.

Actually, although the history of Shush city reaches 4000 BC, excavations in this area show that Susa in 9000 BC was also home to farmers. Also, the remains of castles found in Shush that show that about 5,000 years ago there was life in this area. Besides, the history of Shush urbanity reaches the Elam period. In addition, Sassanid also maintained some importance, but it was not as prosperous as the Achaemenid era.

Moreover, the Elamites had a fortress in Shush. Also, due to the AshurbaniPal attack on the city of Shush and its ruins. Besides, all the city’s artifacts destroyed and buried. Then, Darius rebuilt the city and built the Apadana Palace in Shush.

Shush City

Khuzestan , Iran

Shush Ancient Attractions

The city of Shush built during the Achaemenid era and ordered by Darius the Great. Also, the political capital of the Achaemenid state, linked to Pasargad, Persepolis and other imperial cities. Besides, its including the capital city of Lady’ Sard.

Moreover, Shush Castle built near the tomb of Daniel the Prophet by DeMourgan. Also, many artifacts have obtained from this hill, one of which is the statue of Queen Napirasu. Besides, the bricks of Dariush’s Apadana Palace have used in the construction of the castle.

Shush Museum

In addition, Shush Museum located in the middle of a garden on the way to the ancient castle of Shush. Also, it’s face to face with the monument of Daniel Nabi. Besides, the initial building of the museum constructed at the same time as the start of Susa excavations. Furthermore, using bricks obtained from Susa and Choghaznbil excavations and parts have added to it.

Furthermore, Shush Museum opened in 1975. Also, the museum’s works belong to the period from Elam to the Islamic period. Besides, Shush Museum has six large halls and all the works exhibited in it are the result of excavations in Shush and Choghaznbil area.

Apadana Palace

The Apadana Palace in Susa was dariush’s winter palace. Also, it used by other Achaemenid kings. Besides, the walls of the palace are made of clay and pillars of stone. Moreover, the palace has a hall, a harem, a gate and a reception palace. Furthermore, the interior walls of the palace have paintings with the theme of Shirbaldar, Niloofar and the Immortal Corps.

Ardeshir Palace

Ardeshir Palace is on the western part of the Shavur River. Also, the palace has a hall of six by five meters and has 64 columns. Besides, the palace is 350 meters away from Apadana and built by Ardeshir II of Achaemenid.

Ivan Karkheh

Ivan Karkheh is a city from the Sassanid era and related to Shapur II. Also, the city is 20 kilometers from Shush. Besides, the huge baroe encloses the palace grounds .Furthermore, it located on each side of the gates. This is the largest buried city in Sassanid.

Haft Tappeh

Haft Tappeh is an ancient site 15 kilometers away from Shush. Also, it composed of different hills. Besides, excavations on this hill and the existence of many skeletons have shown that there was a great tomb in this hill.